In the Hartibaciu valley from Sibiu to Agnita
This line is now designated as a historical monument, so it is saved
from being scrapped and the plans to revive it may now go ahead.
The word mocăniță
is a term of endearment, derived from the Romanian
, meaning shepherd
or one who lives in the mountains
and suffixed as feminine and diminutive in keeping with the tradition
of naming conveyances and indicating small size.
It's also been
suggested that it means "coffee machine", as one of the little
locomotives is reminiscent of one of these in action.
is a town on the Hârtibaciu
river in Sibiu County
, central Romania
. It is considered the locality in the center of the country.
The first document mentioning it is a land sale contract signed in 1280 by one Henric from Sancta Agatha
. In 1376, Louis I of Hungary
granted to the village the right to hold a market. In 1466, Matthias Corvinus
granted to the village the right to carry trials (jus gladi
) and built a fortress to defend the Kingdom of Hungary
from the Ottoman Empire
The four towers of the fortified church - the shoemakers, tailors,
blacksmiths and coopers - demonstrates the economic strength of these
guilds, and were assigned to the defense that those portions of the wall
in case of armed conflict. City Museum has a substantial collection of
medieval art (Gothic chests, architecture, sculpture, ceramics, etc.).
King of Hungary, Louis of Anjou, conferred Agnita (our villa
Zenthagata) since 1376, the right to hold annual fair on 24 June (day of
Subsequently, this right is extended the other two fairs. In 1466,
Hungarian king granted the town Agnita right "ius Gladiator", i.e. the
right to decide and execute the death sentence. In the same year, the
village is allowed to keep half of the contingent settlement of royal
troops to defend their own city to the church from falling into foreign
hands, since it was near the frontier into Wallachia.
Until 1950, when the city was declared, was a common Agnita fair
(Marktgemeinde). Sibiu narrow gauge rail-Agnita is the historical
monuments in Romania.
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